1997 Donruss Limited

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Description

1997 Donruss Limited is a 200-card base set and was released in the July of that year. One of the most bizarrely structured base sets ever, this chrome-stock set is divided into four unique subsets: Counterparts, Double Team, Star Factor and Unlimited. The Counterparts subset features 100 double-sided cards two star players from different teams who happen to play the same position. The Double Team subset displays two star teammates back-to-back on 40 double-sided cards. The Star Factor subset highlights 40 superstars with a different photo of the same player on each side of the card plus unique player statistics. The Unlimited subset features 20 cards matching up of a veteran and a rookie.

Only the "front" side of each card (usually the side featuring the "better" player) was printed on chromium stock. The "back" side (where the card number and legal mumbo-jumbo is printed) is on glossy paper.

According to a press release from Donruss, only 1100 copies of each Star Factor card was produced -- although they are not serial-numbered. And while the exact pack insertion ratios were never issued; judging from dealers who broke cases of '97 Donruss Limited the odds appear to be as follows: Double Team 1:6, Star Factor 1:24 and Unlimited Potential/Talent 1:36.

Distribution

Wax: 24 packs per box; five cards per pack (MSRP: $4.99)

Reviews

Insertion Ratios

Cards Total Cards Limited To Odds
Base 200 - ?
Counterparts 100 - ?
Double Team 40 4400 1:6
Star Factor 40 1100 1:24
Unlimited 20 1467 1:36
Limited Exposure 200 varies ?
Fabric of the Game 69 varies 1:20

Checklist

Base Set

The base set is fractured into the following subsets:

  • C = "Counterparts"
  • DT = "Double Team" (1:6/packs, calculated production run of 4400 copies)
  • SF = "Star Factor" (1:24/packs, announced production run of 1100 copies)
  • U = "Unlimited" (1:36/packs, calculated production run of 1467 copies)

1 Ken Griffey, Jr. C

2 Greg Maddux / David Cone C

3 Gary Sheffield / Moises Alou DT

4 Frank Thomas SF

5 Cal Ripken, Jr. / Kevin Orie C

6 Vladimir Guerrero / Barry Bonds U

7 Eddie Murray / Reggie Jefferson C

8 Manny Ramirez / Marquis Grissom DT

9 Mike Piazza SF

10 Barry Larkin / Rey Ordonez C

11 Jeff Bagwell / Eric Karros C

12 Chuck Knoblauch / Ray Durham C

13 Alex Rodriguez / Edgar Renteria C

14 Matt Williams / Vinny Castilla C

15 Todd Hollandsworth / Bob Abreu C

16 John Smoltz / Pedro Martinez C

17 Jose Canseco / Chili Davis C

18 Jose Cruz, Jr. / Ken Griffey, Jr. U

19 Ken Griffey, Jr. SF

20 Paul Molitor / John Olerud C

21 Roberto White / Luis Castillo C

22 Derek Jeter / Lou Collier C

23 Chipper Jones / Robin Ventura C

24 Gary Sheffield / Ron Gant C

25 Ramon Martinez / Bobby Jones C

26 Mike Piazza / Raul Mondesi DT

27 Darin Erstad / Jeff Bagwell U

28 Ivan Rodriguez SF

29 J.T. Snow / Kevin Young C

30 Ryne Sandberg / Julio Franco C

31 Travis Clark / Chris Snopek C

32 Wade Boggs / Russ Davis C

33 Brooks Kieschnick / Marty Cordova C

34 Andy Pettitte / Denny Neagle C

35 Paul Molitor / Matt Lawton DT

36 Scott Rolen / Cal Ripken, Jr. U

37 Cal Ripken, Jr. SF

38 Jim Thome / Dave Nilsson C

39 Tony Womack RC / Carlos Baerga C

40 Nomar Garciaparra / Mark Grudzielanek C

41 Todd Greene / Chris Widger C

42 Deion Sanders / Bernard Gilkey C

43 Hideo Nomo / Charles Nagy C

44 Ivan Rodriguez / Rusty Greer DT

45 Todd Walker / Chipper Jones U

46 Greg Maddux SF

47 Mo Vaughn / Cecil Fielder C

48 Craig Biggio / Scott Spiezio C

49 Pokey Reese / Jeff Blauser C

50 Ken Caminiti / Joe Randa C

51 Albert Belle / Shawn Green C

52 Randy Johnson / Jason Dickson C

53 Hideo Nomo / Chan Ho Park DT

54 Scott Spiezio / Chuck Knoblauch U

55 Chipper Jones SF

56 Tino Martinez / Ryan McGuire C

57 Eric Young / Wilton Guerrero C

58 Ron Coomer / Dave Hollins C

59 Sammy Sosa / Angel Echevarria C

60 Dennis Reyes RC / Jimmy Key C

61 Barry Larkin / Deion Sanders DT

62 Wilton Guerrero / Roberto Alomar U

63 Albert Belle SF

64 Mark McGwire / Andres Galarraga C

65 Edgar Martinez / Todd Walker C

66 Steve Finley / Rich Becker C

67 Tom Glavine / Andy Ashby C

68 Sammy Sosa / Ryne Sandberg DT

69 Nomar Garciaparra / Alex Rodriguez U

70 Jeff Bagwell SF

71 Darin Erstad / Mark Grace C

72 Scott Rolen / Edgardo Alfonzo C

73 Kenny Lofton / Lance Johnson C

74 Joey Hamilton / Brett Tomko C

75 Eddie Murray / Tim Salmon DT

76 Dmitri Young / Mo Vaughn U

77 Juan Gonzalez SF

78 Frank Thomas / Tony Clark C

79 Shannon Stewart / Bip Roberts C

80 Shawn Estes / Alex Fernandez C

81 John Smoltz / Javy Lopez DT

82 Todd Greene / Mike Piazza U

83 Derek Jeter SF

84 Dmitri Young / Antone Williamson C

85 Rickey Henderson / Darryl Hamilton C

86 Billy Wagner / Dennis Eckersley C

87 Larry Walker / Eric Young DT

88 Mark Kotsay RC / Juan Gonzalez U

89 Barry Bonds SF

90 Will Clark / Jeff Conine C

91 Tony Gwynn / Brett Butler C

92 John Wetteland / Rod Beck C

93 Bernie Williams / Tino Martinez DT

94 Andruw Jones / Kenny Lofton U

95 Mo Vaughn SF

96 Joe Carter / Derrek Lee C

97 John Mabry / F.P. Santangelo C

98 Esteban Loaiza / Wilson Alvarez C

99 Matt Williams / Dave Justice DT

100 Derrek Lee / Frank Thomas U

101 Mark McGwire SF

102 Fred McGriff / Paul Sorrento C

103 Jermaine Allensworth / Bernie Williams C

104 Ismael Valdes / Chris Holt C

105 Fred McGriff / Ryan Klesko DT

106 Tony Clark / Mark McGwire U

107 Tony Gwynn SF

108 Jeffrey Hammonds / Ellis Burks C

109 Shane Reynolds / Andy Benes C

110 Roger Clemens / Carlos Delgado DT

111 Karim Garcia / Albert Belle U

112 Paul Molitor SF

113 Trey Beamon / Eric Owens C

114 Curt Schilling / Darryl Kile C

115 Tom Glavine / Michael Tucker DT

116 Pokey Reese / Derek Jeter U

117 Manny Ramirez SF

118 Juan Gonzalez / Brant Brown C

119 Juan Guzman / Francisco Cordova C

120 Randy Johnson / Edgar Martinez DT

121 Hideki Irabu / Greg Maddux U

122 Alex Rodriguez SF

123 Barry Bonds / Quinton McCracken C

124 Roger Clemens / Alan Benes C

125 Wade Boggs / Paul O'Neill DT

126 Mike Cameron / Larry Walker U

127 Gary Sheffield SF

128 Andruw Jones / Raul Mondesi C

129 Brian Anderson / Terrell Wade C

130 Brady Anderson / Rafael Palmeiro DT

131 Neifi Perez / Barry Larkin U

132 Ken Caminiti SF

133 Larry Walker / Rusty Greer C

134 Mariano Rivera / Mark Wohlers C

135 Hideki Irabu RC / Andy Pettitte DT

136 Jose Guillen / Tony Gwynn U

137 Hideo Nomo SF

138 Vladimir Guerrero / Jim Edmonds C

139 Jason Thompson / Dwight Gooden C

140 Andres Galarraga / Dante Bichette DT

141 Kenny Lofton SF

142 Tim Salmon / Manny Ramirez C

143 Kevin Brown / Matt Morris C

144 Craig Biggio / Bob Abreu DT

145 Roberto Alomar SF

146 Jose Guillen / Brian Jordan C

147 Bartolo Colon / Kevin Appier C

148 Ray Lankford / Brian Jordan DT

149 Chuck Knoblauch SF

150 Henry Rodriguez / Ray Lankford C

151 Jaret Wright / Ben McDonald C RC

152 Bobby Bonilla / Kevin Brown DT

153 Barry Larkin SF

154 Dave Justice / Reggie Sanders C

155 Mike Mussina / Ken Hill C

156 Mark Grace / Brooks Kieschnick DT

157 Jim Thome SF

158 Michael Tucker / Curtis Goodwin C

159 Jeff Suppan / Jeff Fassero C

160 Mike Mussina / Jeffrey Hammonds DT

161 John Smoltz SF

162 Moises Alou / Eric Davis C

163 Sandy Alomar, Jr. / Dan Wilson C

164 Rondell White / Henry Rodriguez DT

165 Roger Clemens SF

166 Brady Anderson / Al Martin C

167 Jason Kendall / Charles Johnson C

168 Jason Giambi / Jose Canseco DT

169 Larry Walker SF

170 Jay Buhner / Geronimo Berroa C

171 Ivan Rodriguez / Mike Sweeney C

172 Kevin Appier / Jose Rosado DT

173 Bernie Williams SF

174 Brian Giles RC / Todd Dunwoody C

175 Javy Lopez / Scott Hatteberg C

176 John Jaha / Jeff Cirillo DT

177 Andy Pettitte SF

178 Dante Bichette / Butch Huskey C

179 Raul Casanova / Todd Hundley C

180 Jim Edmonds / Garret Anderson DT

181 Deion Sanders SF

182 Ryan Klesko / Paul O'Neill C

183 Joe Carter / Pat Hentgen DT

184 Brady Anderson SF

185 Carlos Delgado / Wally Joyner C

186 Jermaine Dye / Johnny Damon DT

187 Randy Johnson SF

188 Todd Hundley / Carlos Baerga DT

189 Tom Glavine SF

190 Damon Mashore / Jason McDonald DT

191 Wade Boggs SF

192 Al Martin / Jason Kendall DT

193 Matt Williams SF

194 Will Clark / Dean Palmer DT

195 Sammy Sosa SF

196 Jose Cruz, Jr. / Jay Buhner DT RC

197 Eddie Murray SF

198 Darin Erstad / Jason Dickson DT

199 Fred McGriff SF

200 Bubba Trammell / Bob Higginson DT RC


Parallels

Limited Exposure

Printed using what Donruss called "Holographic Poly-Chromium Technology" on both sides, Limited Exposure is, for all intents and purposes, a Finest Refractor knock-off. The backs of each card have the words "Limited Exposure" printed beneath the card number.

Like the base set, the Counterparts are the easiest to find, and Unlimited the toughest. According to Donruss, only 40 copies of each Star Factor Limited Exposure exist -- although they are not serial-numbered.

It is believed that a large number of Limited Exposures (especially Counterparts Limited Exposures) may have been "backdoored" after the 1998 Pinnacle Brands bankruptcy.

Limited Exposure Non-Glossy

This 100-card set partially parallels the Counterparts subset. The cards were actually the result of an error at the printing plant whereby the "Holographic Poly-Chromium Technology" of the normal exposure was left off; but the words "Limited Exposure" still appear underneath the card number.

Inserts

Fabric of the Game

This 69-card multi-fractured "Materials" insert uses cards printed on three different non-paper substances: Canvas (cards #1-#23), Leather (#24-#46), and Wood (#47-#69). Five level of tiers cross the three materials and are serial-numbered to the following:

  • ML = "Major League Material" (serial-numbered to 1000 copies)
  • S = "Star Material" (serial-numbered to 750 copies)
  • SS = "Superstar Material" (serial-numbered to 500 copies)
  • HF = "Hall of Fame Material" (serial-numbered to 250 copies)
  • L = "Legendary Material" (serial-numbered to 100 copies)

1 Cal Ripken, Jr. HF

2 Tony Gwynn SS

3 Ivan Rodriguez S

4 Rickey Henderson L

5 Ken Griffey, Jr. SS

6 Chipper Jones ML

7 Sammy Sosa S

8 Wade Boggs HF

9 Manny Ramirez ML

10 Barry Bonds HF

11 Mike Piazza S

12 Rondell White ML

13 Albert Belle S

14 Tony Clark ML

15 Edgar Martinez SS

16 Deion Sanders S

17 Juan Gonzalez SS

18 Nomar Garciaparra ML

19 Rafael Palmeiro SS

20 Dave Justice S

21 Bob Abreu ML

22 Paul Molitor L

23 Vladimir Guerrero ML

24 Chuck Knoblauch SS

25 Tony Gwynn HF

26 Darin Erstad ML

27 Mark McGwire HF

28 Larry Walker S

29 Gary Sheffield S

30 Jose Cruz, Jr. ML

31 Kenny Lofton HF

32 Andres Galarraga SS

33 Raul Mondesi ML

34 Eddie Murray L

35 Tino Martinez ML

36 Todd Walker ML

37 Frank Thomas SS

38 Ken Caminiti S

39 Pokey Reese ML

40 Barry Bonds HF

41 Barry Larkin SS

42 Bernie Williams S

43 Cal Ripken, Jr. HF

44 Bobby Bonilla SS

45 Ken Griffey, Jr. S

46 Tim Salmon S

47 Ryne Sandberg HF

48 Rusty Greer ML

49 Matt Williams SS

50 Eric Young S

51 Andruw Jones ML

52 Jeff Bagwell S

53 Wilton Guerrero ML

54 Fred McGriff HF

55 Jose Guillen ML

56 Brady Anderson SS

57 Mo Vaughn S

58 Craig Biggio SS

59 Dmitri Young ML

60 Frank Thomas S

61 Derek Jeter ML

62 Albert Belle SS

63 Scott Rolen ML

64 Roberto Alomar HF

65 Jeff Bagwell S

66 Mark Grace SS

67 Gary Sheffield S

68 Joe Carter HF

69 Jim Thome ML